Erectile Dysfunction — What You Need To Know

Erectile dysfunction is the physical condition when a male cannot get or maintain an erection strong enough to have proper sexual intercourse. It is also termed as impotence in the standard dialect. 

Impotence is a rather common phenomenon occurring due to various physical and emotional reasons. But if it gets regular or happens at short intervals, you may need professional help from medical practitioners.

What are the main causes of erectile dysfunction?

Understanding the reason is a vital step to prevent the effect. Some of the significant factors that contribute towards impotence are:

  • Damage of penile arteries

A prominent cause for an erection is the increased blood flow to the penis and the development of sensations in the internal nerves. If the penile arteries are damaged due to any reason, the flow of blood will be inconsistent, and thus, one might not be able to hold onto an erection.

  • Endocrine diseases

The hormones secreted from the endocrine glands are responsible for controlling the sexual drive, mood, metabolism, and all other forces sustaining life. Endocrine disorders like diabetes can directly affect the nerves and impair the blood flow, resulting in impotence.

  • Cardiac health

Atherosclerosis is a heart condition in which the blood can get clogged. Similarly, high levels of cholesterol and anxiety impact blood pressure and flow. All the aspects contributing towards abnormality in cardiac health, indirectly influence the nerves reaching the penis and might cause erectile dysfunction.

  • Mental health

The rate of depression affected individuals is on a hike in the world, and most millennials are suffering from it. Poor mental health stems from helplessness, fatigue, and dissatisfaction from the quality of life. This can influence one’s emotional stimulus, and without being sexually excited, it is impossible to achieve an erection.

  • Drug abuse

Amphetamines and cocaine are known for inducing a decrease in sexual urges. Constant drug abuse can also lead to erectile dysfunction and additional genital diseases such as Priapism and Peyronie’s disease. Continuous alcohol abuse might also result in the inability to achieve or maintain an erection.

What are the tests that you can undertake for diagnosis?

  • Physical inspection

A specialist tends to carefully examine the penis anatomy and the structure of your testicles to understand the sensation of the nerves.

  • Blood test

A sample of the blood can give accurate data on testosterone levels, sugar level, and any symptoms of heart diseases. 

  • Urinalysis

It is the sample test of urine and can help in checking for signs of diabetes, along with several other health conditions that might develop concern.

  • Ultrasound test

A transducer is used to trace the blood flow from the vessels to the penis. This is the ultrasound test, and it determines the health of the penis by monitoring the flow of blood. A medicated injection can also be used to accelerate the blood flow and grow an erection, to infer the intensity of erectile dysfunction. 

  • Psychological concerns

Several psychological constituents, like stress, anxiety, and depression, can also drive one to erectile dysfunction. The doctor may take you through a question-answer session to screen the possibilities of such symptoms and suggest proper medications accordingly.

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