The cannabidiol (CBD) Oil industry is booming and making CBD oil is a very profitable
business. Profitability has spurred the creation of many types of CBD oil products. It’s wise to invest in CBD oil now. Amid surging popularity, however, CBD wasn’t always accepted due to its relation to marijuana. To make matters clear right away–CBD will not get you high.
What is CBD?
CBD is short for cannabidiol, which is a compound found in the cannabis plant. This plant mainly comes in two varieties: hemp and marijuana. Hemp contains a higher percentage of CBD and not much of Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). Meanwhile, marijuana contains higher levels of THC and lower levels of CBD. THC is psychoactive, which is what causes euphoria. CBD is non-psychoactive. So contrary to popular belief, CBD doesn’t “contain marijuana”. CBD was made legal in the U.S. in 2018. This made it more accessible to the public through its many forms. According to BDS Analytics, market sales of CBD in the U.S. will reach $20 billion by 2024 , growing at an annual compound rate of 49%.
There are many known benefits of CBD in everyday life (reduces anxiety, alleviates chronic pain, helps improve your skin, etc.) and in serious medical conditions (seizures, epilepsy, multiple sclerosis, heart problems, cancer tumors, etc.).
How are they Sold?
You can now buy CBD-infused products not just in pharmacies and dispensaries, but also in general retail (cafes, smoke shops, malls, and grocery stores). Some of the available products include:
● Skincare (creams, lotions, oils, bath bombs, lip balms)
● CBD foods (chocolates, gummies, CBD-infused burgers)
● Drinks (beers, shots, water, tea, coffee)
● Daily vitamins and sleeping pills
● Tinctures (sublingual – direct drop under the tongue)
Online companies such as Cheef Botanicals carry a variety of CBD products.
So, how are they made?
CBD Oil is extracted in the following three ways:
- Carbon Dioxide Extraction: The most popular way of extracting CBD involves using supercritical CO2 to separate the CBD oil from the plant material. “Supercritical” refers to the fact that CO 2 can be in liquid and gas state. This involves using pressurized chambers to expose CO 2 to high pressures and extremely low temperatures. One chamber contains CO 2 while the other contains the hemp plant. The CO 2 is pumped into chamber 2. This results in an extracted oil that contains high amounts of CBD. The pros of this procedure are that it’s efficient, extracts a lot of CBD, and it’s not toxic. The con, however, is that this extraction method is expensive.
- Steam Distillation: Distillation is possible because components of CBD Oil have a boiling point. This works by boiling or steaming CBD until the oil begins to separate from the hemp plant. The CBD that’s heated in a flask turns into vapor which travels upwards into another flash and a distillation tube. This tube is where condensation takes place. The condensation results in oil and water. The process of distillation continues until only oil remains as the end product. The pros of this are that it’s been used for years and is trusted, and it’s inexpensive. The cons are that it requires a large amount of hemp plants, the concentration of the final product is inconsistent, and there’s a risk of overheating and damaging the plant.
- Solvent Extraction: This method is similar to distillation, but it uses a solvent instead of water to separate CBD oil. When the process is done, a mixture containing CBD oil and the solvent remains. Then, the solvent evaporates. There are two ways of doing this: through natural solvents or hydrocarbons. Hydrocarbons (which are also liquid) include butane, petroleum, hexane, isopropyl alcohol, and naphtha. The pros of this method are that it’s cheaper and easier. The cons are that there’s a risk of toxic residue being left in the oil (which is cancerous), and it can produce oil that’s much greener and bitter. Meanwhile, natural solvents are ethanol. Its pros are that it’s inexpensive, efficient, and no toxic residue is left behind. The cons are that they leave an unpleasant taste, they don’t evaporate well, and may lead to lower levels of CBD.
- Winterization: This is just an extra step in making CBD Oil. This is the process of removing undesirable substances from the oil. This leads to the purest form of CBD, the CBD isolate. The extracted oil is combined with alcohol and frozen overnight. In the morning, it’s run through a filter that removes fats and other unwanted substances. Then, it’s boiled to remove the alcohol.
In conclusion… As you can see, there are many ways to extract and make CBD Oil. Whether it’s through CO2, distillation, solvent extraction, or winterization, CBD companies must follow a set of standards to make sure that everything is done safely and within the law. All this is done to ensure you get the best quality CBD products.